Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control

​​​​​​​​​Maryland Flags​​

The mission of the Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Control (The Center) is​ improving Maryland's health by preventing and controlling chronic disease.​​​

​​​​Chronic diseases, including heart disease, stroke, and diabetes, are among the leading causes of death in Maryland. According to the Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 51.6% of all Marylanders reported having at least one chronic health condition in 2020. Fortunately, the majority of chronic disease cases can be prevented through proper nutrition, physical activity, and not smoking.

The Center has a broad portfolio of chronic disease related projects, most notably diabetes and heart disease prevention and management, as well as healthy lifestyles promotion, food security, and cognitive health. The Center oversees four advisory councils and committees.


Diabetes is a life-lon​g disease that affects the way the body handles glucose, which is a kind of sugar, in the blood. There are several types of ​dia​betes, the most common being type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.

Heart Disease​

The term “heart disease” refers to any condition that affects the blood flow to the heart. ​​​

Some examples of heart diseases are:

Coronary Artery Disease

Heart Attack

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)​

Healthy Lifestyles

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle through good nutrition and regular physical activity has many health benefits, including a reduced risk of developing chronic diseases, dementia, and cancers.

Cognitive Health​​​​

The National Institute on Aging defines cognitive health as the ability to clearly think, learn, and remember. Poor cognitive health can affect an individual’s overall health and wellbeing by making daily tasks like cooking, cleaning, taking medication, and managing chronic health conditions more difficult.


Arthritis is a general term for many conditions that affect the joints, tissues around the joint, and other connective tissues. According to the 2020 Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the rate of arthritis prevalence in adults in Maryland was 23.1 percent​.​