Microbial Serology


​​Laboratory Contact Number

Microbes, microscopic forms of life, are found throughout our living world. The vast majority of microbes are harmless or even beneficial to humans. Although some microbes are capable of causing serious or life-threatening diseases.
Serological tests can be used to detect viral & bacterial antigens and antibodies (IgG and IgM), to help diagnose diseases and check immune status.  A range of techniques are utilized including ELISA, chemiluminescence, agglutination, direct and indirect immunofluorescence, and Western blotting.  Some serological tests are not limited to serum, but can be performed on other bodily fluids such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and urine. Please refer to Guide to Public Health Laboratory Services for submission guidelines.
The major groups of infectious disease-causing agents tested along with some diseases caused by such agents include:
  • Bacterial (Legionella; Leptospira; Mycoplasma; Chlamydiae)
  • Fungal (Cryptococcal, Aspergillus)
  • Parasitic (Toxoplasma gondii; Chagas disease; Strongyloides; Schistosomiasis)
  • Rickettsial (Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever; Murine typhus; Q fever)
  • Viral (Herpes Simplex; Cytomegalovirus; Epstein Barr)
  • Tick borne (Lyme Disease; Babesia; Anaplasma; Ehrlichia)