What is prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. People with prediabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
According to the CDC, approximately 38% of adults have prediabetes, which equates to approximately 1.8 million adults in Maryland.
People at risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay the disease by making modest lifestyle changes that include weight loss and physical activity. In Maryland people with prediabetes can take a National Diabetes Prevention Program class.
The National DPP has been proven to reduce risk of developing diabetes in people diagnosed with prediabetes.
Who is at risk for diabetes?
Individuals with the following risk factors may be at high risk for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Overweight or obese.
45 years of age or older.
High blood pressure.
Parent or sibling with diagnosed type 2 diabetes.
Physically active fewer than 3 times per week.
History of diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes).
Race and ethnicity also affect risk of diabetes. African Americans, Hispanic/Latinx Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes.
Take the Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test to learn more.
Talk to a Doctor
If the prediabetes quiz results in a score of five or more, talk to a doctor. Only a doctor can say for sure if an individual has prediabetes or diabetes. A doctor will do a blood test to confirm the result. A doctor can recommend if a lifestyle change program or diabetes prevention program is appropriate.
Try the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP)
For people with prediabetes, a
National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP) lifestyle change program may be appropriate. The National DPP is an evidenced-based program shown to reduce risk of diabetes with those at risk through weight loss, and at least 150 minutes a week of physical activity. Learn more about the program and find programs in Maryland.