Prevention


Can you prevent type 2 diabetes?


One in 3 adults in the United States has prediabetes. In Maryland, approximately 1.8 million adults have prediabetes. 

​​​It only takes a minute to assess risk. Take the 60-second risk quiz now.​​

​Below are three simple ways to prevent diabetes.



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What is predi​abetes?

Prediabetes is a condition where blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diabetes. People with prediabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

According to the CDC, approximately 38% of adults have prediabetes, which equates to approximately 1.8 million adults in Maryland. 


People at risk for type 2 diabetes can prevent or delay the disease by making modest lifestyle changes that include weight loss and physical activity. In Maryland people with prediabetes can take a National Diabetes Prevention Program class. The National DPP has been proven to reduce risk of developing diabetes in people diagnosed with prediabetes.

 

Who is at risk for diabetes?                           ​

Individuals with the following risk factors may be at high risk for p​rediabetes and type 2 diabetes.​
Take the quiz to learn more about your risk​​​​
  • ​​​​Overweight or obese.

  • 45 years of age or older.

  • High blood pressure.

  • Parent or sibling with diagnosed type 2 diabetes.

  • Physically active fewer than 3 times per week.

  • History of diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes).

Race and ethnicity also affect risk of diabetes. African Americans, Hispanic/Latinx Americans, American Indians, Pacific Islanders, and some Asian Americans are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes. Take the Type 2 Diabetes Risk Test to learn more.​​



Talk to a Doctor

If the prediabetes quiz results in a score of five or more, talk to a doctor. Only a doctor can say for sure if an individual has prediabetes or diabetes. A doctor will do a blood test to confirm the result. A doctor can recommend if a lifestyle change program or diabetes prevention program is appropriate. ​

 

​Try the National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP)         ​​

​​For people with prediabetes, a National Diabetes Prevention Program (National DPP)  lifestyle change program may be appropriate. The National DPP is an evidenced-based program shown to reduce risk of diabetes with those at risk through weight loss, and at least 150 minutes a week of physical activity. Learn more about the program and find programs in Maryland. ​