Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
In type 1 diabetes, which usually occurs in children and young adults, the body does not make insulin. Risk factors may be autoimmune, genetic, or environmental. There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
In type 2 diabetes , the body does not use insulin properly. There are risk factors that make it more likely that someone would develop type 2 diabetes, such as overweight or obese, hypertension, and lack of physical activity. Some racial and ethnic minorities are at higher risk. Assess risk by taking this 60-second quiz.
Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Having this type of diabetes is a risk factor for type 2 diabetes later in life. After delivering the baby, women can take a Diabetes Prevention Class to reduce the chance of developing type 2 diabetes.
Other Types of Diabetes
Other types of diabetes can happen for other reasons. These include genetic syndromes, surgery, drugs, malnutrition, infections, and other illnesses.
Complications of diabetes include nerve damage which can lead to amputations, kidney disease, vision loss, high blood pressure, which raise the risk of heart attack and stroke. Early evidence suggests a strong link between diabetes and increased death in those with COVID-19.
The following can help prevent complications of diabetes:
Have a healthy body weight.
Do regular physical exercise.
Go to the doctor regularly.
Get blood pressure checked at each visit.
Get blood glucose (sugar) checked twice a year.
Get cholesterol checked at least once a year.
Get kidney function checked at least once a year.
Get an eye exam at least once a year.
Get feet checked for sores at each doctor visit.
Maintain healthy blood glucose levels.
Get a flu shot.
Go to the doctor when sick.
Check our Resources page for more information.
Find a class to learn ways to meet health related goals and day-to-day management of diabetes.
Use this chart to select an appropriate class.
Resources to Help Pay for Diabetes Care
Health care providers may assist with finding affordable diabetes medication and supplies.