The term "heart disease" refers to any condition that affects the blood flow to the heart.
Some examples of heart diseases include:
The public health impact of heart disease and stroke is significant, both in terms of disease burden and financial burden. Heart disease and stroke are the number one and number three causes of death in Maryland respectively. Coronary heart disease and stroke have high prevalence, and result in high rates of hospitalization and mortality. According to the Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), in 2020 3.6% of Maryland adults had a diagnosis of angina or coronary heart disease, 3.4% of Maryland adults have experienced a heart attack (myocardial infarction) at some point in their life, and 2.8% have experienced a stroke at some point in their life.
Certain health conditions, lifestyle, age and family history can increase the risk for heart disease. These are called risk factors. Key risk factors for heart disease include:
High blood pressure
It is estimated that Maryland residents reporting these risk factors are also more likely to report having coronary heart disease.