• English

    Google Translate Disclaimer

    The Maryland Department of Information Technology (“DoIT”) offers translations of the content through Google Translate. Because Google Translate is an external website, DoIT does not control the quality or accuracy of translated content. All DoIT content is filtered through Google Translate which may result in unexpected and unpredictable degradation of portions of text, images and the general appearance on translated pages. Google Translate may maintain unique privacy and use policies. These policies are not controlled by DoIT and are not associated with DoIT’s privacy and use policies. After selecting a translation option, users will be notified that they are leaving DoIT’s website. Users should consult the original English content on DoIT’s website if there are any questions about the translated content.

    DoIT uses Google Translate to provide language translations of its content. Google Translate is a free, automated service that relies on data and technology to provide its translations. The Google Translate feature is provided for informational purposes only. Translations cannot be guaranteed as exact or without the inclusion of incorrect or inappropriate language. Google Translate is a third-party service and site users will be leaving DoIT to utilize translated content. As such, DoIT does not guarantee and does not accept responsibility for, the accuracy, reliability, or performance of this service nor the limitations provided by this service, such as the inability to translate specific files like PDFs and graphics (e.g. .jpgs, .gifs, etc.).

    DoIT provides Google Translate as an online tool for its users, but DoIT does not directly endorse the website or imply that it is the only solution available to users. All site visitors may choose to use alternate tools for their translation needs. Any individuals or parties that use DoIT content in translated form, whether by Google Translate or by any other translation services, do so at their own risk. DoIT is not liable for any loss or damages arising out of, or issues related to, the use of or reliance on translated content. DoIT assumes no liability for any site visitor’s activities in connection with use of the Google Translate functionality or content.

    The Google Translate service is a means by which DoIT offers translations of content and is meant solely for the convenience of non-English speaking users of the website. The translated content is provided directly and dynamically by Google; DoIT has no direct control over the translated content as it appears using this tool. Therefore, in all contexts, the English content, as directly provided by DoIT is to be held authoritative.


    According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), arthritis is a general term for many conditions that affect the joints, tissues around the joint, and other connective tissues. In the United States, arthritis is the leading cause of work disability in adults. According to the 2020 Maryland Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, the rate of arthritis prevalence in adults in Maryland was 23.1 percent.

    There are over 100 types of arthritis. Some examples include: 

    • Osteoarthritis
      • This is the most common type of arthritis, occurring mostly in the hands, hips and knees.
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
      • This autoimmune and inflammatory disease causes painful swelling in the affected parts of the body, mainly occurring in the joints in the hands, wrists and knees.
    • Gout
      • This painful inflammatory disease that affects one joint at a time, often affecting the big toe joint.
    • Fibromyalgia
      • This type of arthritis causes pain all over the body, and can cause sleep problems, fatigue, and emotional and mental distress.​

    Risk factors for arthritis

    There are many controllable risk factors for arthritis, including being overweight or obese, bacterial or viral infection, joint injury or overuse, and occupations that involve repetitive knee bending and squatting. Smoking increases a person’s risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and can make the disease worse. ​​​

    Some uncontrollable risk factors include age, gender, and genetics.

    Physical activity for people with arthritis

    Participating in physical activity can improve arthritis pain, function, mood, and quality of life.

    Examples of joint-friendly physical activities include:
    • Low-impact aerobic activities
      • Brisk walking, cycling, swimming, water aerobics, light gardening, group exercise classes and dancing.
    • Muscle-strengthening exercises
      • Lifting weights, working with resistance bands, and yoga.
    • Flexibility exercises
      • Stretching and yoga.
    • Balance exercises
      • Walking backwards, standing on one foot, and tai chi.

    Arthritis Resources

    American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA): Tips For Living with Arthritis

    American Physical Therapy Association (APTA): Evidence-Based Community Programs: Physical Activity Programs At a Glance

    CDC Vital Signs: Arthritis

    To learn more about the different types of arthritis and possible treatments, please visit the American College of Rheumatology website at: 


    To find a local Rheumatologist, please visit: https://my.rheumatology.org/rheumatologist-disclaimer