• English

    Google Translate Disclaimer

    The Maryland Department of Information Technology (“DoIT”) offers translations of the content through Google Translate. Because Google Translate is an external website, DoIT does not control the quality or accuracy of translated content. All DoIT content is filtered through Google Translate which may result in unexpected and unpredictable degradation of portions of text, images and the general appearance on translated pages. Google Translate may maintain unique privacy and use policies. These policies are not controlled by DoIT and are not associated with DoIT’s privacy and use policies. After selecting a translation option, users will be notified that they are leaving DoIT’s website. Users should consult the original English content on DoIT’s website if there are any questions about the translated content.

    DoIT uses Google Translate to provide language translations of its content. Google Translate is a free, automated service that relies on data and technology to provide its translations. The Google Translate feature is provided for informational purposes only. Translations cannot be guaranteed as exact or without the inclusion of incorrect or inappropriate language. Google Translate is a third-party service and site users will be leaving DoIT to utilize translated content. As such, DoIT does not guarantee and does not accept responsibility for, the accuracy, reliability, or performance of this service nor the limitations provided by this service, such as the inability to translate specific files like PDFs and graphics (e.g. .jpgs, .gifs, etc.).

    DoIT provides Google Translate as an online tool for its users, but DoIT does not directly endorse the website or imply that it is the only solution available to users. All site visitors may choose to use alternate tools for their translation needs. Any individuals or parties that use DoIT content in translated form, whether by Google Translate or by any other translation services, do so at their own risk. DoIT is not liable for any loss or damages arising out of, or issues related to, the use of or reliance on translated content. DoIT assumes no liability for any site visitor’s activities in connection with use of the Google Translate functionality or content.

    The Google Translate service is a means by which DoIT offers translations of content and is meant solely for the convenience of non-English speaking users of the website. The translated content is provided directly and dynamically by Google; DoIT has no direct control over the translated content as it appears using this tool. Therefore, in all contexts, the English content, as directly provided by DoIT is to be held authoritative.

    Zika Virus Fact Sheet

    What is Zika virus?​

    Zika is a type of virus spread by the bite of infected Aedes species mosquitoes. Aedes species (present in Maryland) also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.

    What are the symptoms of Zika infection?

    Many people infected with Zika virus do not have symptoms or only get mild symptoms. 

    Symptoms last for several days to a week. Hospitalizations and deaths from Zika infection are rare.

    Zika virus in babies can cause microcephaly (where the baby’s head is smaller than expected) and other birth defects.

     How is Zika virus spread?

    • Mosquito: Zika virus is primarily spread through the bite of infected Aedes species mosquitoes.
    • Pregnancy: Zika virus can be spread from an infected pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy or around the time of birth.
    • ​​Sex: Zika can also be passed through sex with an infected person even if the person does not have symptoms at the time. A fetus can get the virus via sexual transmission from the mother.

    Can I get Zika from mosquito bites in Maryland?

    There have been no cases of Zika from mo​squito bites in Maryland thus far. 

    What areas have ongoing Zika virus transmission?​

    Zika virus has been detected in a number of countries in Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Central America, North America, the Pacific Islands, and South America. Please visit CDC’s website (https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/zika-travel-information) for a full list of all the countries affected. 


    How can I prevent Zika infection if I am pregnant?

    • Talk to your healthcare provider to carefully consider the risks and possible consequences of travel to areas with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika.
    • Abstain from sex or use condoms consistently and correctly for the duration of your pregnancy if you have a male partner who lives in or has traveled to an area with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika.
    • If you are pregnant and have recently returned from travel to areas with a Zika outbreak or other areas with risk of Zika, talk to your provider to consider testing for Zika virus.


    Is there treatment for Zika virus infection?

    ​​There are no specific medicines or vaccine for Zika virus.

    ·        Treat the symptoms; get plenty of rest.

    ·        Drink fluids to prevent dehydration.

    ·        Take medicine such as acetaminophen (Tylenol®) to reduce fever and pain.

    ·        Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding.

    ·        If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your healthcare provider before taking additional medication.

    How can I prevent Zika infection? 

    ·       Cover up and use insect repellant

    ·       Remove standing water

    ·        Keep mosquitoes out of your home

    ·        Use condoms