April 16, 2019
Fowler, Deputy Director, Office of
McCabe, Director, Office of Communications,
Second Measles Case Confirmed; No Additional Exposure Locations
Cases are household contacts, and both acquired measles out of
Baltimore, MD – The
Maryland Department of Health (MDH) has confirmed a second measles case in a
Maryland resident. This second confirmed case is a household contact of the
first confirmed case, and both acquired measles outside of Maryland in an area with an ongoing
measles outbreak. There is no evidence of ongoing spread of measles in
Maryland currently. No additional potential measles exposure locations in
Maryland have been identified.
Measles is a contagious
vaccine-preventable viral infection easily spread to unvaccinated persons
through coughing, sneezing and secretions from the mouth. Early measles
symptoms of high fever, runny nose, cough and red, watery eyes typically
develop 10 to14 days after exposure to the virus. Usually, one to four days
after the early symptoms, a red rash appears on the face and spreads to the
rest of the body. A person with measles is contagious beginning four days
before the rash appears until four days after the rash begins. Those who are
most at risk of complications from measles infection are: pregnant women,
infants less than one year old and those who are immune compromised.
Measles can be prevented with MMR
vaccine, which is safe and effective. The Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention (CDC) currently recommends that children get two doses of measles,
mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine: the first dose at 12 to 15 months of age and
the second dose at four to six years of age. Teens and adults should also be
up-to-date on MMR vaccinations. The MDH
provided 1,200 doses of the MMR vaccine to Baltimore County to host a
vaccination clinic on Wednesday, April 17 from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. at the Bais
Yaakov School for girls, 6302 Smith Avenue, in Baltimore, MD 21209.
Two doses of MMR vaccine are about
97 percent effective at preventing measles; one dose is about 93 percent
effective. People are considered immune to measles if they were born in the
United States before 1957, previously had measles or have had two doses of
People who have not had two doses of measles vaccine AND who are at increased
risk of measles exposure should discuss MMR vaccination with their doctor.
People at increased risk of measles exposure include those planning to travel
outside of Maryland to areas with measles
outbreaks or who might have contact with visitors from these areas.
If you or your family member needs MMR vaccine,
first check with your health care provider. If your health care provider does
not have MMR vaccine available, you can reach out to your pharmacist to see if
they carry it. In Maryland, a pharmacist may administer any vaccines included
in the CDC's recommended
Immunization Schedule to individuals ages 11 to 17 who have a
prescription. For those age 18 years or older, prescriptions are not
required to administer vaccines as long as they are one of the adult vaccines
listed by the CDC. For information about pricing and insurance
reimbursement, check with your pharmacist and insurance provider.
Additional information is available
on the MDH website at https://health.maryland.gov/measles.
Maryland Department of Health is dedicated to protecting and improving the
health and safety of all Marylanders through disease prevention, access to
care, quality management and community engagement. Stay connected at
Marylanders in need of
treatment for substance use disorders can locate treatment facilities at http://goo.gl/nIfGm0. Individuals can call 211 and press 1, or text their zip
code to 898-211, to speak with crisis call specialists. For information related
to fighting addiction in Maryland, visit http://goo.gl/KvEzQw.
201 W. Preston Street, Baltimore, MD 21201-2399
(410) 767-6500 or 1-877-463-3464