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Practice preparation, caution as temperatures hit extreme cold
Find fact sheets, emergency plan on state health website
December 14, 2016
) – The National Weather Service is calling for bitter cold winds across Maryland beginning
, with a potential for wintry precipitation
. A wind chill advisory, issued when wind chill temperatures are forecast to range from
-5ºF to -20ºF,
has been issued for Garrett County beginning
. While other areas of the state are not currently included in this advisory, the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene is cautioning residents to guard against frostbite, hypothermia and other related issues.
Health and Mental Hygiene monitors temperature conditions and incidences of cold-related illnesses and deaths. The department began issuing weekly reports December 7, 2016. The reports provide guidance and information about deaths and illness caused by extreme cold in the region. To see the reports, visit
. The site also includes the department’s Extreme Cold Emergency Plan and fact sheets on cold weather health issues, carbon monoxide, driving tips for extreme cold weather and the warning signs of a heart attack.
“With wind chill temperatures dropping below zero in the coming days, it is important for residents to dress warmly and to have a cold weather emergency kit at home and in their vehicle,” says Secretary Van T. Mitchell. “Knowing how to prepare can help keep Marylanders healthy and safe.”
Hypothermia occurs when the body temperature falls below 95ºF. In the 2015-2016 winter season, there were 20 hypothermia-related deaths in Maryland. Frostbite is the freezing and subsequent destruction of body tissue that is likely to occur any time skin temperature gets much below 32ºF. The body parts most likely to freeze are toes, fingers, ears, cheeks and the tip of the nose.
Health and Mental Hygiene offers these safety tips:
Cover your head. You lose as much as 50 percent of your body heat through your head. Also cover your mouth with a scarf to protect lungs from direct cold air, as well as your ears and lower part of your face.
Wear several layers of lightweight, loose-fitting clothing. The air between the layers acts as insulation to keep you warmer.
Wear mittens rather than fingered gloves. The close contact of fingers helps keep your hands warm.
Wear warm leg coverings and heavy socks or two pairs of lightweight socks.
Wear waterproof boots or sturdy shoes to keep your feet warm and dry.
Be alert to such common winter hazards as carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning and injuries from heat sources. CO is produced by small gasoline engines, stoves, generators, lanterns and gas ranges or by the burning of charcoal and wood. This colorless, odorless gas can cause severe illness and death. Heating sources can also cause fires, electrical injuries and burns, if not properly installed, operated and maintained.
Review your family emergency communications plan and emergency supply kits for homes and vehicles. Each family member should know what to do and how to contact others in an emergency. The home emergency supply kit should include unexpired food items, medical supplies and batteries. Vehicles should contain such items as heavy blankets, water, nonperishable food, a flashlight and a snow shovel. More information on emergency preparedness is available at
201 W. Preston Street, Baltimore, MD 21201-2399
(410) 767-6500 or 1-877-463-3464
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