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What is Type II Diabetes?

Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose (sugar) for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have type II diabetes, your body can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up into your blood stream.

Type II diabetes is a serious condition. Without proper management it can lead to health issues such as heart attack, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, and/or loss of toes, feet, or legs. 

 

What is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a blood glucose (sugar) level that is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. One in Three American adults have prediabetes and most don’t even know it. If you have prediabetes and do not lose weight or do moderate physical activity, you are likely to develop type II diabetes within 3 years.   

 

Risk Factors for Prediabetes and Type II Diabetes

You are at an increased risk for developing prediabetes and type II diabetes if you:

- Are 45 years of age or older

- Are overweight

- Have a family history of type II diabetes

- Are physically active fewer than 3 times a week

- Ever had diabetes while pregnant which disappeared after delivery (gestational diabetes)

- Gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds

If you think you are at risk or may have diabetes, ask your health care provider to do a blood test.  

 

Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) for Pre-Diabetics 

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Free Lifestyle Change Program for those with pre-diabetes.

As a participant in this program you will learn about healthy eating, how to include physical activity into your lifestyle, and managing stress all while working with a trained lifestyle coach and gaining support from other people who are facing similar challenges and trying to make the same changes you are. Together you will celebrate successes and find ways to overcome obstacles.  

The program uses an evidenced based Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) curriculum.  To learn more about the curriculum visit https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention/index.html website.

Enrolling in the program is a yearlong commitment. During the first 5 months the program sessions are held weekly. During the remaining months of the year program sessions are held 1-2 times a month.

Participating in a lifestyle change program can decrease the risk of developing diabetes by 58%!

The next class starts March 22, 2017. 

Classes will be from 6-7 PM on Wednesday evenings at the Denton library. 

Enrollment is currently open for the March 22nd program. 

Program will be available at no cost to participants. All eligibility must be met in order to enroll.

Eligibility Requirements

- Must be 18 years of age or older

- Must be a Caroline County or Dorchester County Resident 

- Body Mass Index (BMI) of 24 or higher (we can calculate this for you)

- Blood work drawn within the last year reflecting your pre-diabetic status or history of gestational diabetes. Copies of blood work may be faxed to us at 410-479-2014.

- Limited income per state guidelines or uses Choptank Community Health for Primary Medical Care.            

To learn more or enroll please call 410-479-8080.

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Heart disease and stroke are two leading causes of death in the United States. Million Hearts fully supports tobacco prevention and cessation as a means to decrease the incidence of heart disease and stroke. To learn more visit their website https://millionhearts.hhs.gov/learn-prevent/prevention.html 

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Warning Signs of a Stroke – F.A. S.T.

F - Face: Ask the person to smile. Is one side of their face drooping?

A - Arms: Ask the person to lift both of their arms in front of themselves. Is one of their arms drifting down?

S – Speech: Is their speech slurred, unclear, or strange?

T – If you see any of these signs call 911 ASAP!


Other stroke symptoms include:

- Sudden numbness or weakness in the face, arm, or leg on one side of the body

- Trouble speaking or understanding

- Loss of vision in one or both eyes

- Confusion

- Dizziness, loss of balance, trouble walking

- Serve headache 

 

Warning Signs of a Heart Attack

- Pain, squeezing or pressure in the chest

- Pain in the arm, shoulder, upper back, neck or jaw

- Shortness of breath

- Dizziness

- Nausea

- Weakness/Tiredness

- Breaking out in a cold sweat

- Flu like symptoms (especially in women) 

 

* If you or someone else may be having a heart attack or stroke call 911 immediately – time is very important!

 

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